A literary analysis of poems – Step by step guide

Poetry is a literary expression of ideas and thoughts lyrically and rhythmically. Poetry contains pithy expressions and is pregnant with grand thoughts and ideas. In order to understand poetry, it needs to be unpacked and each element needs to be examined individually. Poetry analysis involves understanding the independent elements to make sense of the poem in its entirety.  Breaking down a poem into subparts enables you to understand its languages, pattern, form, structure, and theme. A literary analysis essay deals with the interpretation of literary work in order to understand and appreciate the deeper meaning it.

For the analysis of a poem and to understand its deeper meaning always analyze these elements of a poem:


The poem in itself contains a central meaning conveyed through the use of figurative language. The subject matter and central idea of the poem account for the underlying theme of the poem. Mostly, each stanza of a poem contains a particular meaning in itself but the overall poem always centers on major themes. There could be several minor themes in the poem that complement the major theme. The figurative language used in poetry is always open to multiple interpretations and the minor themes can be differently interpreted by different readers. If you write one analysis by yourself and for another, you ask someone that “need someone to write my essay“ and then compare both the analyses you would find differences based on the perceptions of an individual writer.

  1. Language

Language decides the mood and tone of the poem. Its arrangement also decides the rhythm of the poem. Figurative language makes use of imageries, metaphors, similes, oxymorons, exaggerations, hyperboles, paradoxes, allusions, and ironies. The use of language shows the creativity of the poet in crafting a poetic piece around his message. There are no explanations attached with any literary element so can be interpreted independently of the poet. The language of poetry is brief yet meaningful. It requires creativity and mastery to enclose an ocean into a well. An idea that takes several paragraphs or pages to express in prose can be expressed by a few lines in poetry. This pithiness of poetry that contains the same meaning as prose involves skills and ability and talent.

  1. Sound and rhythm

The syllabic pattern creates along with the stresses creates the material pattern of the poem. The sound pattern of a poem at the end of the lines creates a certain rhythm that is maintained throughout the poem and accounts for creating certain effects. I always make sure that my essay writer analyzes these elements before creating a poem.

  1. Structure

The framework of a poem defines how a poem should be read and the structure is maintained through rhythmic patterns, line breaks, stanzas, pauses, and punctuations. Unlike prose where the structure mostly depends on words and arrangements of words, here in poetry structure is sculpted through various other elements. This structure guides the reader about how a poem should be read.

  1. Context

The ‘wh questions’ who, why, when, where and what of the poem explains the purpose of the poem. The context is crucial in analyzing any form of composition because that reflects the context of the poem.

Moreover, the mastery of a poem analysis lies in a few step-by-step examinations. For that first give a cursory reading and try to know the overall meaning of the meaning. Afterward, read the poem again, this time minutely with regards to the details keeping in mind the rhyme context, rhyme scheme, structure, and form of the poem. Break the poem in parts and try to analyze the part independently and come up with the possible interpretation and then link it to the central idea of the poem. Do not rely on a paper writing service for poem analysis because in this way you would not only miss to incorporate your perception of the poem but also would fail to incorporate the analysis from the teacher's lens that how he/she had analyzed the poem in class.

College student's guide to advanced poetry analysis

Poetry contains figurative language and that is pithy as compared to prose. Unlike prose, it makes excessive use of literary elements i.e. metaphors, similes, oxymorons, ironies, and hyperboles. Though the sentences in poetry appear short, yet they are pregnant with meanings. In order to analyze a poem first, it needs to be broken into small independent elements and then explain how they combine together to create meaning. In a literary analysis essay, first, you need to have a solid understanding of the poem and then break it into its key elements. Look for the central idea of the poem and analyze how the lines complement the central idea. You can also get assistance from a writing service at very reasonable prices.

Here are the ways how to analyze poetry:


After giving it a read, summarize the poem. You should be able to summarize every stanza that will enable you to decipher the meaning of every stanza individually. Once you sit to write the analysis of it, you will have all those ideas of the mind. It is good to label the parts of the poem because it helps in writing a detailed analysis accounting for all the points in every stanza. For example in Shakespeare’s sonnet, every stanza has its own subject matter and talk of different things yet it complements the central theme of the poem.

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Characters, Setting, and the Narrator

Always consider the person who narrates the poem, it is not necessarily the poet himself but often it is told by another character. The one who speaks and who is spoken to, are the real characters that need to be critically analyzed as to why the speaker or addresser was chosen by the writer and what effect it creates. Also, the setting also plays a vital role in the analysis of the poem. It says about the context of the poem. Often literary works are the product of that era and setting in which they are written.

Structure of the Poem

Poems have many forms each is employed to create a specific effect. Think about the rhythm whether it is fast or slow along with the meter of the poem. Once the structure is known, ask the question to yourself why the writer has chosen a certain form, tone, and meter. Structure of the poem changes as per the purpose of the poem.

The tone of the Poem

The tone is essentially the mood of the poem that cannot be defined concretely because it is personal to each reader. If i need someone to write my essay for me then I should be aware of the fact that the mood of the poem for that write may not harmonize with me and a whole different analysis than mine is produced.

Diction and Literary Devices

Every word in a poem is compact and full of meaning. Examine the individual words in the stanza and how they affect the overall meaning of the poem. Critically examine the words that are used to evoke the senses of smell, taste, sight, and touch and also watch out for the similes and metaphors that have been used in the poem. What are the effects that have been created in the poem?  Words choice in a poem are of significant value and should be analyzed critically.

Lastly, the analysis of a poem is written in regard to a specific aspect of the poem like imagery, mood, or themes of the poem. Never rely on “FreeEssayWriter” service because these essays often present surface-level interpretation without regard to in-depth and critical analyses of a poem. Analysis of a poem should employ critical and analytical skills that account for the examination of every single literary element coupled with structure, tone, and the central theme of the poem.

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