The CRAAP Test - Simple Way to Evaluate Research Sources
CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose.
The CRAAP Test is a way to assess a source’s validity in an academic setting.
CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. Use the CRAAP Test to evaluate your sources.
Primarily scientists and science students use The CRAAP Test to determine if articles are acceptable for use in an academic setting, though the test can be applied to the humanities.
What is the CRAAP Test & How can I use it?
It’s general knowledge that the Internet can be a strong source of information however, on the flip side, it can also be a powerful inaccurate source of information.
Students and researchers now need to see how to use analytical thinking skills to assess sources to assure that they are selecting reliable data. The CRAAP test is one way to simply complete this.
There are many ways to estimate sources, but (for obvious reasons) the CRAAP test is the most comfortable to learn. University students will remember its funny name so surely, this is an approach that resonates as each letter’s meaning is highly relevant. So, what does it mean?
— Is the knowledge you want to use but relevant?
One may appropriate that any information issued by well-known authors, such as Ivy League institutions e.g. Harvard University, MIT, or the University of California at Berkeley is correct but it is fairly important to check when it was published.
— Is the data you’ve learned about what you are researching?
There are so many features that can be studied about one topic. You want to make sure that you are putting your focus on correctly what your research question is asking for. If you are examining farming, you could look at the business, agriculture, biology, genetics, chemistry, history, geography, sociology, or even the fashion side of farming.
— Who is saying you this information?
Most major magazines and newspapers have these, and they aren’t certainly lined up by facts, or research. Be careful that what they are saying can be verified by other sources that have done studies to confirm these findings. Consider who is reliable for the content, not just who the source of the information is.
— Do you believe the information is correct?
You need to take a minute to assess what you are reading. Even if the author sounds convincing and the information is published in a book, does it seem credible? It all sounds very convincing, but scientists have shown this to be wrong. The world is certainly not smooth. Be careful not to get absorbed into false claims! Read different evidence to ensure that your sources are correct.
— Why was this information organized?
This can be a complex one to review, but it is essential to verify who is responsible for this information. Do they have another reason to come to a particular outcome? What is a local notice? This could appear to be a research article, but in fact, the author is being paid or is in some way affiliated with the organization that produces that product.
They will have a large preference in the information that they put out because they want you to support whatever it is they are promoting. Articles are sometimes written to support particular products and are paid to do so. In this example, Forbes magazine is supporting economic institutions, like Fidelity Investments by composing convincing articles about these products that sound like they are just opinion pieces.
Today, analysis is published and accessed at a much faster pace than ever before. The pure amount of content available, and the demand for publishers, websites, and writers to push out information at increasing prices is on the rise.
This leads to a large number of weak articles and books that students and researchers need to paddle through. Educators can use this CRAAP test as a tool to help students identify reliable sources and then accurately and easily reference them.
This blog could be filled with incorrect information, so you can easily fact-check the content and decide for yourself if you think it would pass the CRAAP test.