The first NFTs on the XRPL, Metadata, and art dealers
The past few weeks have been filled with searching for art dealers. There are now 3 art dealers that want to collaborate on my project to put certificates of existing art on the XRPL as an NFT. I had some fun meetings and learned a lot about art and the purchase and selling of exclusive pieces.
Also, there has been a lot of trying out ways to create NFTs on the XRPL. I recently created my first NFT on the XRPL.
The NFT in my first blog was just an NFT currency code. Richard from XRPL Labs found a way to add all the metadata that is needed for an NFT.
This is done by creating a transaction of 1 drop from the issuing address to the hot wallet address with the Memo fields containing all the data you want to add to your NFT, such as a description, URI (for example an IPFS URI containing an image) and a back-up URI. But everyone can adjust it to their own needs if wanted. This transaction's txn hash, txn_index, ledger_hash, and ledger_index can be converted to what Richard calls a Concise Transaction Indicator or short CTI. This is a unique identifier, a detailed explanation can be found in his proposal XLS-15d. The CTI combined with a prefix indicating an NFT and a 12 character name will be the currency code for the token.
This way you can add all the data you need for the NFT still on the XRPL.
I wrote a proposal myself combining the two previous proposals, which can be found here: XLS-16d
Before creating the first NFTs I had set up my own IPFS node on a VPS to make storage easier.
I will show the 2 NFTs I have created and how.
The first one I created is an image of the main character from a serious game some students and I created for a school project. It's called Plasticats. Its purpose was to make children aware of plastic soup in the ocean. A demo can be found on my website.
After uploading the selected image to the IPFS node, an XRPL transaction from the issuing address to the hot wallet containing the IPFS URI in the memo's field had to be sent. We have to make sure the NFT is valid later on so it's important to send it from the same address that issues the NFT.
The memo fields are converted to hex which is the format the XRPL uses for its data. The human-readable output would look like this.
However, this is not the complete format we will be using in future NFTs but was just for testing purposes.
Using this transaction's CTI which is generated by the transaction's txn hash, txn_index, ledger_hash, and ledger_index, the currency code will be created. How to generate it can be found in Richard's proposal XLS-15d.
The CTI for this transaction would be :
The currency code for an NFT consist of 3 parts:
- 02 Prefix that indicates an NFT on the XRPL
- CTI converted to HEX
- Short name converted to HEX for the NFT to a maximum of 12 characters or less (filled up with 0's if it's less)
As mentioned before the NFT is about Plasticats so the short name will be Plasticats.
The complete currency for this NFT would be:
As described in my first blog post, a trust line has to be set up between the hot wallet and the issuing wallet.
In total 100 Plasticats NFTs are being created.
After this, the tokens can be sent from the issuer to the hot wallet.
At this link you can view the NFTs on the address, the address selected will show the Plasticats NFT and the first one Richard made. This one is not with IPFS but a very reduced image that is converted to a data URI. That is the first XLS-14 NFT on the XRPL ever.
As mentioned above the next NFTs will be somewhat different since we want to have more metadata in the NFT than just the URI.
In my proposal I explain a bit about the memo's and how the metadata could be stored in them:
“The Memos Field in an XRPL transaction is presented as an array of objects which contains one memo field per object. This field consists of the following fields:
The MemoData field can be used for the metadata itself and the MemoFormat indicates the nature of the given data inside the MemoData field (MIME type). To create a certain hierarchy for covering failure of the URI specified, the MemoType field contains the numbering of the data named as shown below followed by the MIME type:
NFT/0 – Description – text/plain
NFT/1 – Author – text/plain
NFT/2 – Primary URI – text/uri
NFT/3 – Back-up URI – text/uri
NFT/4 – Reduced image Data URI as last back-up – text/uri
The usage of a back-up URI and Data URI can be seen as optional and can be replaced with other kinds of data that have the preference of the issuer of the NFT for example contact information.
The limit of storage is 1kb of data in the memo's field in total. Multiple memos can be used to give as much information as fits to the 1kb of data.”
Here is the example from the NFT mentioned in the proposal.
In the coming weeks I will be starting with the creation of a Xapp inside of XUMM to make it easy for art dealers to put certificates of their physical art on the XRPL.