Leo on Competitions

Writing about strategy and competitions of all kinds.

The perfect is enemy of the in-progress. In the asymptotic limit of competition outcomes, focus in growth is more important than the end state.

#thoughts #brief

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Trust is the firm belief in the integrity, ability, or character of a person. Trust is an important, powerful quality to influence and work effectively with others in business, work, and our competitive lives. In fact, the level of trust in all business relationships is the most significant determinant of success.

However, the level of trust we carry can be subjective and difficult to measure. The Trust Equation is a framework that, although not exact, attempts to quantifiably guide us towards building more trust.


The Cassandra syndrome, also known as the Cassandra complex, presents itself when a person’s warning goes unnoticed and is disregarded. This is a very familiar situation for consulting roles, and especially true for competitive intelligence professionals who try hard to get their insights acted on.

The term is derived from Greek mythology. Cassandra was a beautiful woman whose beauty seduced Apollo into granting her the gift of prophecy. However, when Cassandra refused Apollo’s romantic advances, he placed a curse on her. The curse was that nobody would believe her prophecies and Cassandra was condemned to a life of knowing future dangers, yet being unable to do much about them.


The COVID-19 pandemic is arguably the greatest global challenge we’ve faced in nearly a century. All four characteristics of VUCA events are present during this coronavirus pandemic: Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity, and Ambiguity. There is no “best practice” to follow these challenges. However, the competitive landscape is still there, and a framework exists to help navigate these situations.


My most used strategy tool is the Strategy Map. In his Competitive Strategy book, Michael Porter describes them in his chapter on structural analysis within industries. He defines Strategic Groups as laid out or organized by strategic dimensions. This is my version of it and how I use it.


Noncompete agreements are legally binding workplace contracts preventing an employee to work for a competing company after the employment period is over. These agreements commonly prohibit the employee from sharing proprietary information to other parties during or after employment.


Porter's Five Forces is a very popular framework for analyzing the competitive dynamics of an industry. It is well taught to MBA students all over the world, yet I admit it is the one I use the least in Competitive Analysis. Not because I don’t find it useful, but rather because it’s a snapshot in time for an industry structure.

The premise is that by understanding the five forces, a company can identify the key factors that determine the competitiveness of an industry, and use this information to make informed decisions about how to position itself in the market.


Michael Porter is considered the father of Corporate Strategy, by many. He is a pioneer. Although he is well known for his Porter’s Five forces analysis framework, it is his Four Corners model the one I find most helpful in determining what to do, which actions to take. In Competitive Intelligence, this is considered an essential tool for early warning.

The Four Corners model is a predictive tool that helps in determining a competitor’s course of action, by looking at the firms motivations and actions. It is by adding the perspective of motivations in the form of values, culture, mindset, and self-reflection, what makes it powerful in the most likely future strategy of a player.


Chaos is the science of surprises, of the nonlinear, of the unpredictable. Expect the unexpected. While most traditional science deals with some approach to try to predict phenomena, Chaos Theory deals with nonlinear things that are effectively impossible to predict or control. e.g. weather, the stock market, company culture.

Competitive Strategy and Competitive Intelligence are disciplines that can be confused as being constantly trying to predict next steps, therefore considered a traditional science. Like a Chess Master trying to predict the next moves of his opponent, in order to prevent him from gaining an advantage.

But how do we try to predict, when there is chaos? Simple answer, we can’t, but we can look for beauty (i.e. patterns) in chaos.


Product Management teams, are constantly looking for how to make their products better. They are always hungry for information that will make it more competitive, and more appealing than a competitive offer.

In Competitive Strategy we get frequently asked for a “Competitive Gap Analysis” to help product management answer that question. But what is it that they really want? Are they looking for justifications of a hypothesis or legitimate input on the product positioning? What product management needs is a full blown competitive gap analysis, not a side by side product comparison. The difference may be considered subtle by some, but it certainly makes a big difference.


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